Horse Skeleton

  1. Mandible – location of temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
  2. Cervical spine (7 cervical vertebrae)
  3. Thoracic spine (18 thoracic vertebrae)*
  4. Lumbar spine (6 lumbar vertebrae)**
  5. Sacral spine (5 fused sacral vertebrae)
  6. Coccyx (18-21 coccygeal vertebrae)***
  7. Point of croup
  8. Ilium (part of pelvis)
  9. Ischium (part of pelvis)
  10. Femur
  11. Patella (stifle)
  12. Fibula
  13. Tibia
  14. Tarsal bones (hock)
  15. Fourth metatarsal (splint bone)
  16. Third metatarsal (cannon bone)
  17. Proximal sesamoid bone
  18. First phalanx (long pastern)
  19. Second phalanx (short pastern)
  20. Navicular bone
  21. Coffin bone
  22. N/A
  23. Scapula (shoulder bone)
  24. Humerus
  25. Ulna
  26. Radius
  27. Carpal bones
  28. 4th  metacarpal (splint bone)
  29. 3rd metacarpal (cannon bone)
  30. Proximal sesamoid bone
  31. 1st phalanx (long pastern)
  32. 2nd phalanx (short pastern)
  33. Navicular bone
  34. Coffin bone

*There are 16-17 thoracic vertebrae in the Arabian horse skeleton
**There are 5 lumbar vertebrae in the Arabian horse skeleton
***There are fewer tailbones in the Arabian horse skeleton

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